The team that has just been assessed a penalty. The offending team can receive a team penalty or have a penalty assessed to a particular individual. An offending team can be given a yardage penalty, lose a down or, in extreme cases, have a player removed from the team. The offending team is indicated by the direction in which the referee points while explaining the penalty.
Officials signal the offending team both by pointing in a particular direction and by announcing whether a penalty was on the offense, defense, kicking team, or receiving team. Typically, teams want to avoid taking penalties to keep from losing yards on offense or giving the other team extra yards when they are on offense. In addition to yardage, downs can be lost and players can be ejected in certain situations.