An extra play that takes place after a touchdown occurs. A PAT can take on one of two forms: an extra point or a two-point conversion. The ball is placed at the three-yard line nearest to the end zone. The offense may choose from two options: an extra-point kick worth one point, or running an offensive play that would be worth two points if they reach the end zone.
The PAT is automatically awarded after a touchdown is scored. The extra point is the most common version of the PAT because it is almost guaranteed to succeed. This is because it consists of a simple field goal attempt from a mere twenty yards out. The two-point conversion is much more rare, mostly due to the much lower success rate of the play. Two-point conversions are generally used when a team is trailing by an amount that requires more points to catch up than a normal extra point try could provide.