A basketball term which refers to the area of the floor on the offensive side of the half-court line, as well as the three positions/players who occupy that space. The front court area is known as such because it is in front of the offensive team. The players who occupy the low post and lower half of the court are known as front court players because of their position. These positions are typically Center, Power Forward and Small Forward. The opposite of front court is back court, which is the area behind the half-court line.
This term first came into use in the 1950s, as professional basketball was becoming more popular. In modern times, "front court" most often refers to the players themselves, rather than the area on the court. This is most likely due to the use of other terms to describe the offensive area of the court. Furthermore, some teams classify their players only as "front court" or "back court", rather than by position.