A foul that is committed when neither team is in control of the ball.
The most common type of loose ball foul involves two or more players attempting to rebound the basketball. Often this results in an "over the top" foul, as the player going for the rebound has been boxed out and makes illegal contact with the player in front of them in the process. A loose ball foul is considered neither an offensive nor defensive foul, and does not count as a personal or team foul. However, if the fouling player's team is in the penalty, the opposing team will receive free throws. If not, the opposing team inbounds the ball following the foul.