A maneuver in football in which the offensive teams shifts from one formation to another before the snap of the football. The shift in formation is used to confuse defenses and conceal the offense’s strategy.
The Minnesota shift is considered to be the predecessor to all quick shifts in football. It invention is attributed to coach Henry L. Williams of the Minnesota Golden Gophers and gained fame with a 1910 Yale team that used it to great effect. The shift required well-trained players, who could quickly shift from one pre-determined formation to another just before the snap of the football.
Also known as the “jump” shift.